While bad cholesterol has been blamed for increasing the risk of heart disease, fluctuations in good cholesterol levels after a study can also lead to infectious diseases such as gastroenteritis or pneumonia.
People with very low cholesterol in High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) had a 75 percent higher risk for infectious diseases, while the risk was 43 percent higher in people with very high HDL cholesterol, the researchers said.
“We found that people with low and high HDL cholesterol were at high risk for hospitalization with an infectious disease,” said Borge Nordestgaard, a professor at the University of Copenhagen in Demark.
“It is important to note that these groups of people also had a high risk of dying from infectious diseases,” Nordestgaard added.
For the results published in the European Heart Journal, the team examined the data of 100,000 people.
“Numerous studies on animals and cells show that HDL is important for immune system function and susceptibility to infectious diseases.” However, this study is the first to investigate whether HDL is associated with the risk of infectious disease in humans. the population in general, “said co-author Christian Medom Madsen, a postdoctoral fellow at the university.